Endometrial cancer occurs in the female reproductive organ uterus. It’s a more common type of uterine cancer. The endometrium (a thick mucosa) lines the uterus and the malignant growth begins here. Uterine sarcoma is a rare type of uterine cancer, in which malignant growth forms in the tissue or muscle of the uterus.
Untreated endometrial cancer can spread to the vagina, rectum, fallopian tubes, ovaries, or bladder. Endometrial cancer develops slowly. Make sure if you notice any changes in your menstrual cycle or signs after menopause, inform your doctor. You might visit the leading gynaecologist in Siliguri.
Type 1 endometrial cancer refers to endometrioid adenocarcinoma caused by excess estrogen hormone in the body. About 80% of endometrial cancer is type 1. In other instances, some 20% of endometrial cancer type 2 (nonestrogen dependent, more aggressive, and spread fast).
Out of three grades, grade 1 and 2 endometrioid adenocarcinomas are under type 1 endometrial cancer, known as lower grade. Grade 3 tumors fall under type 2 endometrial cancer called higher grade. Doctors don’t know the definitive cause of endometrial cancer.
But risk factors have always been there, such as too much estrogen in the body, obesity, more years of menstruation, a diet high in animal fat, personal history of ovarian cancer, personal history of polycystic ovary syndrome, never being pregnant, endometrial hyperplasia, late menopause, diabetes, Lynch syndrome, history of infertility, history of breast cancer.
Regarding prevention, since the exact cause of endometrial cancer is unknown, there are no exact ways to prevent it. A few things like eating a balanced diet, fiber-rich diet, balancing body weight, ensuring physical activity, quitting smoking, going for regular checkups reduce the risks. Consult the top gynaecologists in Siliguri.
Be sure to refrain from birth control pills without medical consultation, even if such meds tend to lower the chance of endometrial cancer. Possible signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer include unusual vaginal discharge, enlarged uterus, vaginal bleeding after menopause, pelvic pain, unexpected weight loss, bleeding between periods, painful intercourse, etc.
Diagnosis of endometrial cancer includes a pelvic exam, endometrial biopsy, dilation & curettage, transvaginal ultrasound, CT scan, PET, MRI, blood tests, etc. Your gyne doctor will review your medical history, such as ovarian cancer, breast cancer, polycystic ovary syndrome, diabetes. See the most renowned gynaecologist in Siliguri.
Inform your doctor about the symptoms you’re experiencing as it contributes to a better diagnosis. Treatment options for endometrial cancer are surgery to remove the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and pelvic lymph nodes, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, targeted drug therapy, and palliative care.