Urinary Incontinence In Women – What You Need To Know

Urinary Incontinence In Women – What You Need To Know


Urinary incontinence is loss of bladder control, leading to urine leakage. The severity of urine leakage differs from person to person and there are several types of it such as urge incontinence, stress incontinence, overflow incontinence. Telling a doctor about your health concerns helps benefit your well-being.

As per medical research, urinary incontinence affects 50% of adult women and its prevalence increases with age. It affects about 75% of women over the age of 65. Urine leakage can be mild, moderate, or severe. You might talk to the best gynaecologist in Siliguri about this concern.

Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence

Here are the symptoms of urinary incontinence based on the types:

  • A sudden intense urge to pee, causing involuntary loss of urine known as urge incontinence
  • Health disability or obstacles make it hard for one to use/reach a toilet known as functional incontinence.
  • Urine leakage caused by coughing, sneezing, lifting something, laughing, exercising, etc. known as stress incontinence
  • Persistent or more frequent dribbling of urine because the bladder is not empty; too full is known as overflow incontinence
  • Experiencing more than one type of urinary incontinence is known as mixed incontinence.

Possible Reasons for Urinary Incontinence

Occasional or temporary incontinence can occur due to alcohol, large dosages of vitamin C, caffeinated product consumption, carbonated drinks, citrus fruits, spicy foods, sugary food/beverages, chocolate, etc. Health conditions like constipation, urinary tract infections, older age, etc. can contribute to urinary incontinence.

Neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease, a brain tumor, stroke, multiple sclerosis might be responsible for urine leakage due to interrupted never signals to the bladder. Visit the leading gynaecologist in Siliguri.

In women, pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause are three major causes of urinary incontinence. Pregnancy causes hormonal changes and the growing fetus puts increased pressure on the bladder and the uterus is located between the rectum and bladder.

In vaginal delivery, the baby moves down through the vagina, the pelvic floor stretches, and the supporting nerves and tissue of the bladder might damage, which might lead to a prolapsed pelvic floor. This condition can result in urine leakage to some extent.

Menopause causes a drop in estrogen hormone, which keeps your urethra and bladder lining healthy. Consult your gyne doctor for optimum health advice. You might book a medical appointment with the top gynaecologist in Siliguri city.

Risk factors for urinary incontinence are obesity, being female, smoking, family history of urge incontinence, excessive water consumption, etc. After listening to your symptoms, your gyne doctor might order a urinalysis, blood tests, bladder diary, etc.

Among effective treatment options here are scheduled toilet trips, diet and fluid management, bladder training, double voiding, pelvic floor muscle exercise, medications, electrical stimulation, interventional therapy, and surgery.

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